The purpose of the hCard Microformat is to provide white-pages/business-card information about a person:
formatted and structured name
hCard is a 1-to-1 HTML representation of vCard [RFC 2426]
Besides the traditional information found in a white-pages entry or a business card, other information
can be provided:
date of birth
an audio clip describing the pronunciation of the person's name
longitude and latitude geo-positioning information associated with the person
date and time that the information was last updated
annotations (such as is often written on a business card)
URL to a Website
public key information
The only information that is required in an hCard is the formatted name (e.g., Roger Costello).
Everything else is optional.
Person, Company, Organization, Place
Actually, hCard is for more than just representing information about a person.
hCard is also for representing information about a company, or an organization, or a place.
Most of my examples will show the use of hCard for representing a person. Towards the end of this tutorial
I will provide some examples of using hCard for representing a company, organization, or place.
Categories of Properties
"Properties" are used to provide information about a person.
The properties fall into six categories:
Identification Properties - info about the person's name